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Type: Rabbit IgG
 
Applications: IHC; WB; FC
E=ELISA; FACS; FC=Flow Cytometry; FPLC=Fast Protein Liquid Chromatography; GF=Gravity Flow; HPLC=High Performance Liquid Chromatography; ICC=Immunocytochemistry; IF=Immunofluorescence; IHC=Immunohistochemistry; IP=Immunoprecipitation; NAC=Non-adherent Cell Assays; NB=Neutralization of Bioactivity; SE=Sandwich ELISA; TPE=Targeted Protein Expression; WB=Western blotting; ; AC=Adherent Cell Assays; FM=Fluorescent Micsroscopy; ; ; BSC-CM5= Biacore Sensor Chip CM5; BSM=Biosactive Small Molecule or Peptide; CDM=Cell Differentiation Media; ; ; ; ; ; Health and Fitness; ; ; DNA Extraction/Purification; ; In vivo Like Assays
Species Reactivity: Ch; H; M; R
B=Bovine; Ca=Cat; Ch=Chicken; D=Dog; EQ=Equine; GP=Guinea Pig; H=Human; M=Mouse; P=Porcine; Pr=Primate; R=Rat; Rb=Rabbit; Y=Yeast; Xe=Xenopus; Ze=Zebrafish; ; ; ; NA-Not Applicable; STP=Step-Tactin Proteins; All
Format: Affinity Purified - liquid
 
Immunogen: Synthetic peptide corresponding to amino acids 216-226 of rat/mouse GAP-43, (C)-KEDPEADQEHA coupled to maleimide-activated KLH.
 
Description/Data:
Picture[2]

GAP-43 (growth associated protein 43 kDa; also known as neuromodulin) is a 24 kDa, neuron growth cone-associated member of the neuromodulin family. Apparently due to its tertiary structure, it runs anomalously at 43 kDa on SDS-polyacrylamide gel. Rat GAP-43 is a 226 amino acid (aa) protein that contains an N-terminal lipid binding motif, an 11 aa IQ domain (IQ:Ile-Gln-X-Ser-etc) (aa 38 - 48), and a C-terminus with four potential serine phosphorylation sites. The molecule may utilize the IQ domain to bind calmodulin. Protein kinase C-mediated phosphorylation of the Serine at 41 within this site inhibits this interaction. Unphosphorylated, calmodulin-bound GAP-43 is always associated with neurite retraction, while S41 phosphorylated GAP-43 stabilizes actin filaments and promotes growth cone extension.

Image: GAP43 staining of region CA1-CA4 of the hippocampus. Note intenese staining of cell processes.

Note: This antibody is useful for Western analysis where it recognizes a band at 43 kDa. GAP43 is a proven marker for developing and regenerating neurons, and to a lesser extent, reactive glial cells. It is used widely to specifically label injured neurons and to score neuronal regeneration.