Mouse PAP is a 43,698 dalton protein (381 amino acids; NCBI accession numberAAF23171) associated with prostatic cancer cells, as well as primary afferent sensory neurons involved in the pain pathway. This protein is an enzyme that dephosphorylates adenosine monophosphate (AMP) in the dorsal horn gray matter of the spinal cord, generating free adenosine. Injections of PAP into the dorsal horn of experimental mice has been shown to decrease pain perception by acting in an antinociceptive, antihyperalgesic, and antiallodynic fashion.
This makes PAP is an excellent marker for studying the neurotransmission of nociceptive and neuropathic pain.
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