There are at least 20 structurally and functionally related BMPs, which are members of the TGF-beta superfamily. BMPs were originally identified as protein regulators of cartilage and bone formation. They are also involved in embryogenesis and morphogenesis of various tissues and organs. BMPs regulate the growth, differentiation, chemotaxis and apoptosis of various cell types, including mesenchymal cells, epithelial cells, hematopoietic cells and neuronal cells. Similar to other TGF-beta family proteins, BMPs are highly conserved across animal species.
BMP1 is a member of the astacin family of metalloproteinases. The astacin family includes BMP1, astacin, meprin A and B, tolloid-like proteins, and choriolysin. BMP1 is involved in extracellular matrix (ECM) formation, suggesting that a functional link may exist between astacin metalloproteinases, growth factors, and cell differentiation and pattern formation during development. The name PCP reflects this enzyme’s involvement in the collagen deposition of growing bone. The enzymes known as the procollagen C and N proteinases (PCP and PNP) are involved in the processing of fibrillar procollagen precursors to mature collagens, which is an essential requirement for fibril formation. PCP cleaves the C-terminus from procollagen, to allow the formation of mature, triplehelical collagen. The N-terminus is cleaved by the procollagen N-proteinase (PNP or ADAM-TS2). Defects in PNP have been linked to the skin disorder dermatosparaxis, and defects in BMP1 are thought to lead to aberrant collagen processing, and connective tissue disorders.
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Name Catalog # Size BMP-10 RA30003 50 ug BMP-2 Inducible Kinase (BIKE) RA30004 50 ug BMP-2/4 GT15053 100 ug BMP-3 MO15038 500 ug BMP-3b/GDF-10 GT15166 100 ug BMP-4 RA30035 50 ug BMP-5 GT15054 100 ug BMP-6 GT15167 100 ug BMP-7 MO15079 100 ug BMP-7 MO15079 500 ug BMP-8 GT15161 100 ug Chordin GT15191 100 ug GDF-3 GT15176 100 ug GDF-5 GT15177 100 ug GDF-8/Myostatin GT15213 100 ug GDF-9 GT15214 100 ug RUNX2 GT15188 100 ug