NeuroD1 (Neurogenic Differentiation factor 1, also known as BETA2 (beta-cell E-box transactivator 2) is a 40kDa protein, a member of the bHLH family. NeuroD1 is a homolog of the Drosophila atonal gene.
NeuroD1 is widely expressed during development in the mammalian brain and pancreas where it acts as a transcriptional activator, and binds to insulin gene E-box. NeuroD1 has also been reported to be a differentiation factor in neurogenesis. Changes in NeuroD1 gene expression have been linked to diabetes mellitus type II and maturity-onset diabetes of the young type VI. NeuroD1 expression can be induced by glucose in beta cells.
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