Akt1, Akt2, and Akt3 make up a family of serine/threonine kinases, often activated downstream of growth factor receptors and PI 3-Kinase. Each Akt family member contains an N-terminal pleckstrin homology (PH) domain, a central kinase domain, and a C-terminal regulatory domain.
Main roles are inhibition of apoptosis and promotion of proliferation. AKT has been shown to play a role in such metabolic processes as glucose transport, glycogen synthesis, glycolysis, and protein synthesis. Akt perturbations are thought to play an important role in tumorigenesis.
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