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Metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) are G-protein coupled receptors activated by glutamate. Based on sequence similarity, transduction mechanisms and agonist potencies, mGluRs are subdivided into three groups: mGluR1/mGluR5, mGluR2/mGluR3, and mGluR4/mGluR6/mGluR7/mGluR8. mGluRs are widely distributed throughout the nervous system and are expressed by both neurons and glial cells. mGluRs have been suggested to play a variety of functional roles, among which is involvement in synaptic plasticity underlying learning and memory as well as chronic pain.