GMCSF is a cytokine that controls the production, differentiation, and function of granulocytes and macrophages. The active form of the protein is found extracellularly as a homodimer. This gene has been localized to a cluster of related genes at chromosome region 5q31, which is known to be associated with interstitial deletions in the 5q- syndrome and acute myelogenous leukemia. Other genes in the cluster include those encoding interleukins 4, 5, and 13.
GM-CSF stimulates the growth and differentiation of hematopoietic precursor cells from various lineages, including granulocytes, macrophages, eosinophils and erythrocytes.
Image: GM-CSF Mouse Structure and Sequence.
1. Granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor and interleukin-8 in the reproductive tract of ewes following oestrus and mating Reprod Fertil Dev 2007;19(4):585-93.
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