Best macular dystrophy (BMD) or vitelliform macular dystrophy (VMD2), is an autosomal form of macular degeneration, characterized by a depressed light peak in the electrooculogram (EOG). It is inherited and has an early onset. Bestrophin is a 68 kDa basolateral plasma membrane protein encoded by the VMD2 gene. Bestrophin's function is still unknown, but data suggests that it is a chloride channel that plays a role in generating the altered EOG in Best disease patients. In addition, Bestrophin is a useful biochemical and histological marker of RPE (retinal pigment epithelial cells) cells.
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